Second Grade


History and Geography

  • Use a calendar to identify days, weeks, months, years, and seasons.
  • Use correctly words and phrases related to time (now, in the past, in the future), changing historical periods (other times, other places), and causation (because, reasons).
  • Explain the information that historical timelines convey and then put in chronological order events in the student’s life (such as the year he or she was born, started school, or moved to a new neighborhood) or in the history of countries studied.
  • Describe how maps and globes depict geographical information in different ways.  Use maps and globes to do the following:
    • Identify and label all continents (North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and Antarctica)
    • Identify and label the boundaries of the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
    • Locate and label the four major oceans (Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific)
    • Locate and label major rivers of the world (the Mississippi, Amazon, Volga, Yangtze, and
    • Nile Rivers)
    • Locate and label major mountains and mountain ranges of the world (Mt. Everest and Mt. McKinley, and the Andes, Alps, Himalayas, and Rocky Mountains)
  • Locate the country/countries of students’ ancestors.
  • Compare and contrast attributes of continents and countries, with examples.
  • Identify cardinal directions (north, east, south, west) and apply them to maps, locations in the classroom, school, playground, and community.
  • Identify and locate landmarks in Melrose.
  • Explain what traditions and customs are. With the help of a librarian or another adult, give examples of
  • traditions or customs in American culture today that come from or have their roots in other countries.
  • Create representations of a specific custom or tradition (ex. traditional food, ceremony, dance, items (i.e.,
  • pinata)).
  • Understand and identify how traditions found around the world are found in American tradition.
    • Identify three different countries and include a landmark, tradition, or custom for each country.
    • With the help of family members and/or a librarian, identify the place(s) students and their families came from. Describe traditional food, customs, sports and games, and music of these places.

Civics and Government

  • Give examples of the rights and responsibilities of students in the school.
  • Give examples of fictional characters or real people in the school or community who were good leaders and good citizens, and explain the qualities that made them admirable (e.g., honesty, dependability, modesty trustworthiness, courage).
  • After reading or listening to a variety of stories about individuals recognized for their achievements, describe and compare different ways people have achieved great distinction (e.g., scientific, professional, political, religious, commercial, military, athletic, or artistic).


  • Define producers, consumers, buyers, and sellers, and give examples of each. Give examples of goods and services that are produced, bought, and sold.