History and Geography

  • Identify sequential actions, such as first, next, last, in stories and use them to describe personal experiences.
  • Use correctly words and phrases related to chronology and time (now, long ago, before, after, morning, night, today, tomorrow).
  • Use correctly the word because in the context of stories or personal experiences.
  • Identify and describe the events or people celebrated during United States national holidays and why we celebrate them.
  • Put events in his/her own and his/her family’s life in temporal order.
  • Use correctly words and phrases that indicate location and direction, such as up, down, near, far, left, right, straight, back, behind, and in front of.
  • Tell or show what a map is and what a globe is.
  • Identify the student’s street address, city or town. Identify and locate Massachusetts as the state, and the United States as the country, in which he or she lives. Identify the name of the student’s school and the city or town in which it is located. (Identify phone number and birthday as well.)
  • Describe the location and features of places in the immediate neighborhood of the student’s home or school.

Civics and Government

  • Describe the student’s family structure. Recognize and respect diversity in the families of others.
  • Give examples that show the meaning of the following concepts: authority, fairness, responsibility, and rules.
  • Retell stories that illustrate honesty, courage, friendship, respect, responsibility, and the wise or judicious exercise of authority, and explain how the characters in the stories show these qualities.
  • Identify and describe family or community members who promote the welfare and safety of children and adults. Describe their roles and responsibilities.
  • Demonstrate understanding that there are important American symbols by recognizing:
    • the American flag and its colors and shapes
    • the melody of the national anthem
    • the picture and name of the current President
    • the words of the Pledge of Allegiance


  • Use words relating to work, such as jobs, money, buying, and selling.
  • Give examples of how family members, friends, or acquaintances use money directly or indirectly (e.g., credit card or check) to buy things they want.
  • Give examples of different kinds of jobs that people do, including the work they do at home.
  • Explain why people work (e.g., to earn money in order to buy the things they want).
  • Give examples of the things that people buy with the money they earn from work.