Kindergarten Science

Kindergarten Science and Technology/Engineering Benchmarks

Earth and Space

  • Understand repeating natural patterns of seasons, phases of the moon, cycle of the sun, days, weeks, months, and years.
  • Understand concepts of weather changes and kinds of weather conditions.
    • Understand that wind is moving air and can move things.
    • Describe the importance of the sun to all living things.

Life Science

  • Observe how a seed grows and what it needs to survive.
  • Compare living and non-living things.
    • Group living and non-living things according to the characteristics they share.
    • Identify differences in appearances among individual humans, animals, and plants.
    • Identify ways that people, animals, and plants change to adapt to seasons.
    • Identify and explore the five senses in the world around us. Recognize that this is how we interact with our environment. Use appropriate sensory vocabulary to describe characteristics of a variety of objects and materials.
  • Identify the similar needs of all people and all living things.

Physical Science

  • Describe and demonstrate knowledge of the different properties of matter (e.g., color, size, shape, weight and texture).

Technology and Engineering

  • Recognize the characteristics of and some uses for both natural (e.g., wood, fur, cotton, wool) and man-made (e.g., plastic, Styrofoam) materials.
  • Identify tools that are used by humans to extend their body’s capacities (e.g., telescope).
  • Independently choose and use tools such as pencil, scissors, rulers, tape, thermometer, hand lenses, paper and stencils for a specific purpose.
  • Learn the name of one or more simple machines (e.g., pulley, lever, wheel, ramp). Draw, write, talk about and experiment with the actual object/s).

Skills of Inquiry/Scientific Process We Expect Students to Demonstrate

  • Ask questions about objects, organisms, and events in the environment.
  • Conduct investigations based on the questions: Why?  What would happen if?
  • Make predictions based on observed patterns.
  • Choose, name and use simple equipment and tools (e.g., rulers, thermometers, hand lenses, balance and meter sticks) to gather data and extend the senses.
  • Record observations and data with pictures, numbers, or written statements.
  • Discuss observations with others.
  • Learn scientific vocabulary (e.g., height, weight, balance).